Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Abbe Sieyes papers Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes, otherwise called Abbe Sieyes, is considered by certain researchers, the pioneer of the early Revolution in France; be that as it may, others think of him as an egotistical, envious man. Regardless of what one accepts, there are some unquestionable realities about Abbe Sieyes. Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes was conceived on May third, 1748 in Frejus. His dad was a postmaster and gatherer of ruler's contribution, while his mom was associated with the lower positions of respectability. Sieyes' folks gave him the best training they could bear, first at home under a coach, at that point in the Jesuits' College at Frejus. Most alumni of the school went to military institutes and Sieyes anticipated the equivalent, however was constrained into an alternate occupation. Emmanuel's folks drove him into Holy Orders with the expectation that he would bolster the family, particularly his two siblings. The Bishop of Frejus was a family companion and helped Emmanuel's folks send him to Paris to learn at the Seminary of St. Sulpice. His examinations went on for a long time and he was appointed a cleric in 1773. Two years after his appointment, Abbe Sieyes became secretary to the Bishop of Treguier. His progression in the brotherhood was thwarted obviously, in light of the fact that he originated from a white collar class family that needed honorability. At that point in 1784, he became vicar general and chancellor to the Bishop of Chartres. Abbe Sieyes then turned into an individual from the Provincial Assembly of Orleans in 1787. When the Estates General was brought in late 1788, Abbe Sieyes composed his most well known handout, Qu'est-ce que le Tiers Etat? What is the Third Estate? With its distributing in January 1789, Sieyes turned into a conspicuous figure at the Estates General. On June 12, 1789, Sieyes realized the vote to permit the special to join the Third. At that point on June 17, he achieved the vote that changed the Third into the National Assembly. After one year, Sieyes was casted a ballot leader of the Assembly and of the Jacobian Club. During the following three y... <!
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Working together in developing economies - Essay Example estimated assembling and flexibly organization, providing food for target showcases inside the United KingdomÃ¢â¬â¢s populace of around 59 million individuals (UK Census, 2001). The items scopes of scents and beautifying agents are focused on the medium to higher acquiring section of guys and females. The official administration has been following world patterns of nearby organizations entering developing markets, and the better than expected returns a portion of these organizations have appeared in a moderately brief timeframe has prod them to take a gander at the chance of going worldwide with Madam CosmeticÃ¢â¬â¢s. After a great deal of joint effort it was chosen to assess the chance and dangers of putting resources into China. This impelling variables for this choice was the market-changes that was actualized in China which brought about the biggest decrease of neediness and probably the quickest increment in salary levels at any point seen. China lackey is the 6th biggest and quickest developing economy on the planet. In 2004, its $1,65 trillion economy was around one-seventh that of the U.S. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s quickly growing economy and 1,3 billion populace for business, and most worldwide organizations, are either effectively associated with the Chinese market or have plans to do unexpectedly early (Julian Chen. 2005). China is presently one of the quickest developing economies on the planet, driven by unreasonable government going through and an immense flood of cash through the venture of Major International Companies. It is pushed as the nation which presents a brilliant open door for organizations to extend and build their benefits. To verification this reality we have to take a gander at the Macroeconomic markers. As per the Asian Development Bank, China has developed at a normal pace of 7.6% throughout the most recent five years. This development was for the most part in the private division and has constrained market basics to change to address holes and wasteful aspects of state-claimed ventures. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s low defenselessness to outside stun has helped it to keep up macroeconomic strength regardless of basic
Sunday, July 26, 2020
Video Games in Education Video Games in Education HomeâºInformative PostsâºVideo Games in Education Informative Posts Technology and Education: Online Video GamingTraditionally, video games were considered to be detrimental and have negative impacts. Anyone opposing the use of video game in the classroom would be justified to say that the main aim of sending a child to school is to learn (Fromme Unger, 2012). In addition, video games consumes considerable amount of time that would otherwise be used in revising class notes and curricula. However, a fundamental question that should be asked here is, should video games be banned if it has been established that they enhance the learning outcome of a child? The truth of the matter is they should not be. While it is true that playing video games results in some negative impacts such as addiction, psychosocial and medical effects and aggressiveness, a wide range of literature dating back to the 1980s has continued to show that video games have several benefits especially when integrated into education (Annetta, 2008). Some of the proposed benefits of video games include: reduction in the reaction times among students, improved hand-eye coordination and increased self-esteem (Martin, 2012). In addition, fun, curiosity and the level of challenge in a video game adds to the potential of positive outcomes of playing the games. The current paper will evaluate whether video games enhance learning outcomes in the classroom.Educationists and policy makers have continuously acknowledged the potential of integrating video games in the classroom, especially after the success of programs such as the Khan Academy. However, people especially many parents, continued to be of the opinion that playing video games is always detrimental. Nevertheless, video games have significantly enhanced the classroom outcome especially for K-12 students (Annetta, 2008).What Video Games Can Teach UsVideo games, regardless of their nature, have become an established prac tice since 1980s (Annetta, 2008). Although video games may have been of low quality, educators had discovered the essence of videogames. Since then, a lot has changed especially because of technological development, but one thing has remained constant all along; the best educational video games have not been just an educational tool, but a way of showing students that learning can be fun (Hall, Quinn Gollnick, 2014). It is thus important that video games be made part of educating students.It is essential to assess the extent to which video games can be of help to students. Since several scholars have confirmed that video games can contribute to enhanced learning outcome, there has been a rise of what has been termed as âedu-tainmentâ media (Griffiths, 2010). Observing students play some video games while in classroom is evident enough to show that they are essential in promoting learning outcome. It is thus a wake-up call for video games developers to come up with more games that are education oriented (Hall, Quinn Gollnick, 2014). There is enough evidence suggesting that important skills are developed and reinforced by video games. For instance, spatial visualization because of manipulating or rotating 3D objects, are enhanced by video games (Fromme Unger, 2012). It has also been established that video games have successfully worked for children who began with poor skills. Equalization of studentâs differences in spatial skills performance has also been indicated to be improved by video games.In a report prepared by Business Roundtable in 2005, a pertinent question was raised. The report expressed deep distress regarding Americaâs capability to sustain the continuing trend of technological and scientific superiority (Hall, Quinn Gollnick, 2014). The report went further and recommended that immediate action be taken by the government and all concerned stakeholders to secure a prosperous future for children. Coming up with technologies that will be in a position to reach what the report termed as ânet generation (Annetta, 2008). It is important that educators start viewing video games differently from a traditional society where students were discouraged from engaging in gaming activities. An initiative called âserious gamesâ was started in an attempt to embrace video games as a teaching and training component in education (Griffiths, 2010). The movement aimed at coming up with video games that have the potential to meet the needs of ânet generationâ. With increased network connectivity and gadgets, video games are the most current ways that the internet has changed how a generation of young students socialize and view entertainment (Squire, 2006). The notion that video games are now becoming popular has gained the attention of The Federation of American Scientists FAS (Griffiths, 2010). According to the federation, video game is the next great discovery because of their ability to captivate learners to the ex tent of spending quality learning time on their own. However, FAS noted that most of the commercial games are not educational oriented hence there is the need for the government to invent or financially support games developers to come up with educational games (Griffiths, 2010).One of the video games that can be described as being education and successful is the Immune Attack developed by FAS (Griffiths, 2010). It was developed thanks to the initiative between the University of Southern California and Brown University. The game was developed as an attempt to educate students on the widely held difficult topic of immunology. In the game, a student must teach his or her immune how to function properly or die. The human body serves as the playing field and immune cells faceoff against viral and bacterial infections. Another successfully used video game aiming to educate students is the Food Force that was developed by the WFP in 2005 (Griffiths, 2010). The player must engage in food d istributing missions in a famine affected nation so that the nation becomes healthy and self-sufficient again. In the game, a player can become an expert in nutrition, director of food programs, an appeals officer or a pilot.From the above examples it is evident that educational games require a player to have good logic and sharp memory, be able to make decisions or become a problem solver, use critical thinking skills, discover and have good visualization (Squire, 2006). Therefore, incorporating video games in the present day classroom will enhance a studentâs ability not just in the classroom, but also in the society.Video games and learningChange is inevitable, and advances in technology are shifting learning from the traditional library to mobile devices (Griffiths, 2010). It is thus important for stakeholders to cultivate the use of video games in several ways. For example, in enhancing language skills, game developers have come up with video games that involve discussion and sharing, following direction from the game, giving directions and answering questions (Hall, Quinn Gollnick, 2014). In addition, the presence of internet has facilitated online gaming where students can interact with other students from all over the world and discuss some topic with the help of visual aids. Video games also promote basic Math among young students in that a player must interact with the score counters. Modern video games have facilitated basic reading skills as well. Video games with character dialog printed on the screen have facilitated basic reading since a player must be able to read instructions such as load, change, go, quit or play (Fromme Unger, 2012). Traditional learning experience for students involved sharing among themselves and the teacher. However, video games might help in revolutionizing classroom interaction especially in the internet. As a result, the studentâs social skills are enhanced.It is important to note that video games are not only go od for âfully functioningâ or ânormalâ students, but they can also be applied to children or learners with multiple disabilities or handicapped such as those with limited vocal speech acquisition (Hall, Quinn Gollnick, 2014). Other researchers have successfully used video games to facilitate learning among disabled children in their spatial abilities, mathematical abilities and problem-solving skills. Some researchers have suggested how technology can be utilized in present day learning to enhance learning outcome. Anthropologists and sociologists have also strongly supported the idea of playing. They have suggested that play is part of human activity and thus video games playing means those students will have a better chance of conceptualizing things they theoretically learnt in class (Fromme Unger, 2012).In conclusion, debate on whether to introduce video game in the classroom for learning purpose may continue for several years because research on this field may be scarc e. However, it is evident from several successful video games that indeed incorporating technology in the classroom should not only involve doing away with the books and embracing online learning, but also introduce more exciting technology to make learning easier and more fun. It may take time before this concept is widely replicated in the entire education system, but where it has been implemented, learning outcome has been enhanced. The best thing that the government and all stakeholders in the education should do is embrace a multi-sector approach to video games. Sociologists, anthropologists, behaviorist and game or content developers should come together and design games that will have maximum impact on the learning experience for students. Parents remain vulnerable to any information concerning video games and learning. However, it is time that the government reaffirms its position in the current classroom and at the same time prepares the future classroom where anticipatio n about video game remains high. The commercial market has a lot to offer, it is thus important that teachers, facilitators, and parents evaluate the games they recommend for their children or pupils. Not all video games promote the health or education and because of technological advancement-game upgrades, it has constantly become challenging in evaluating the educational impact across several studies.ReferencesAnnetta, L. A. (2008). Video games in education: Why they should be used and how they are being used. Theory into Practice, 47, 3, 229-239.Fromme, J., Unger, A. (2012). Computer games and new media cultures: A handbook of digital games studies. Dordrecht: Springer.Griffiths, M. (2010). Online video gaming: What should educational psychologists know?. Educational Psychology in Practice, 26, 1, 35-40.Hall, G. E., Quinn, L. F., Gollnick, D. M. (2014). Introduction to teaching: Making a difference in student learning. London : SAGE PublicationsMartin, J. (2012). Game o n: The challenges and benefits of video games. Bulletin of Science, Technology Society, 32, 5, 343-344.Squire, K. (2006). From content to context: Videogames as designed experience. Educational Researcher, 35, 8, 19-29.
Friday, May 22, 2020
Miyu Hirose Fisher World History 4 25 February 2016 Propaganda Poster During World War 1, propaganda played a critical role on a global scale, persuading people to volunteer by putting effort to the war. Propaganda techniques were used for several purposes, in forms of posters, advertising, newspapers, speeches, photographs, rumours, cinema and music. These purposes were to obtain power for the battles of the war, to obtain money for financing the war, to encourage nationalistic feelings of their country to help in the war, and to justify the reason for why the countries were involved in the war so that the people don t rebel against the war. Propaganda, as defined by the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, is the Ã¢â¬Å"spreading of ideas, information, or rumor for the purpose of helping or injuring an institution, a cause, or a person.Ã¢â¬ The use of propaganda became very popular and successful in countries, such as Great Britain, Germany, and the U.S.A. It also proved that America was the largest producer of pro-war propaganda in the world. Propaganda posters were used commonly to encourage people to join and to make a difference. The posters suggested many ways for the people of the countries to be involved in the war, like suggesting that people should buy liberty bonds or military bonds in order to help the country financially, calling for men to fight and to go the front, drawing women to factories so that they can help with the shells of the bombs and sometimes with the guns, and
Friday, May 8, 2020
Communication involves the exchange of ideas and thoughts between two or more people with the aim of conveying information. Effective communication is enhanced by good communication skills. Good communication skills are important in all walks of life because it enables people to interact and convey information in an effective manner. For example, a doctor requires good communication skills in order to get the needed information from a patient. Failure to portray good communication skills by the doctor means that the patient will not be in a position to provide the required information to the doctor. This means that competence in any place of work requires being augmented with good communication skills in order to achieve the best resultsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦My good speaking skills enable me to convey my ideas in clear and brief manner. One way through which my speaking skills enhance my communication is my pleasant tone to my voice. The pleasant tone of my voice makes the p eople whom I am speaking to be more attentive and interested in communicating. In addition, the tone of my voice enables the person I am communicating with to be more attentive and as a result capturing all the important ideas. Moreover, when I am communicating with a person I try to think before I speak so as to avoid conveying ideas which are not important to the person. This enables me to choose words selectively while speaking so as to avoid hurting the person I am speaking to. Another important of thinking before I speak is that I am able to remember additional points that might be useful to the person I am speaking to. Moreover, when speaking I ensure that the person whom I am talking to has enough time of answering the questions I present to him and enough time to present his ideas. When he is talking I listen to him keenly and I empathize with him where possible so as make him feel to be part of the discussion (Wigert et al 2013). My good speaking skills as strength have assisted me in many ways when speaking to different people. For example last year I displayed this strength when I was explaining to my teacher the reason why I submitted by assignment late. When IShow MoreRelatedRelevance of Communication and Teamwork in Midwifery903 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesideally possess a number of skills so as to effectively execute their mandate. Amongst such skills, the relevance of communication and teamwork cannot be overstated. This is more so the case given the critical role midwives play as far as the provision of care to women, babies as well as families is concerned. This text concerns itself with communication and teamwork as two graduate attributes necessary for success in the midwifery profession. The Relevance of Communication and Teamwork in Midwifery Read MoreEffective Communication And Good Leadership Skills1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages(Linjuan Rita Men, 2015). 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Many people view the internet as an ultimate resource for anything they desire. The people who say that the internet is a brilliant invention for the best have reasons backing up their idea. For example, Sherry Turkle writes about such ideas explaining how the internet is an excellent tool for the better in her essay, Ã¢â¬Å"Can You Hear Me Now? Ã¢â¬ Turkle believes strongly that the invention of the internet is an innovation for the better and emphasizes to her readers how important it is in everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s lives nowadays. We will write a custom essay sample on Dangers of the Internet or any similar topic only for you Order Now On the other hand, some believe exactly the opposite of TurkleÃ¢â¬â¢s invalid inquisition that the internet is a tool that is most definitely not for the greater good. The internet is a major promoter of violence and bad habits, it allows abusers to reach people that do not want to be reached and it opens many of us up to identity theft and malware viruses. The internet is an extremely risky device that many of the common users take for granted due to the lack of knowledge of its dangers. With the great power that the internet provides comes great responsibility that its users must also provide. Just like many other things, there are people who lack such responsibility and use the internet with bad intentions. Influencing Violence The first point of discussion pertaining to the harmfulness of the World Wide Web is that it is a great promoter of violence and bad habits. Users are free to roam to any type of website they please, whether it is a game site, social networking site, forum site and etcetera. The internet has no restrictions as to what people put on websites and web pages. Much like violence in video games, the internet can influence violence towards its users as well. Michele L. Ybarra speaks about the amount that children are influenced by the violent website on the internet today in her essay Ã¢â¬Å"Linkages Between Internet and Other Media Violence With Seriously Violent Behavior by Youth,Ã¢â¬ which was published in the Ã¢â¬Å"Official Journal Of The American Academy Of Pediatrics. Ã¢â¬ The internet is a host to many violent games and violent based websites alike. About 97% of the youth ages 12-18 are using online communications and have online access (Ybarra 929). With this many kids on the internet they can browse and view hate pages which discriminate against people or they can come across violent related web pages as well (Ybarra 930). With this increased exposure to these websites, causes an increase in violent behavior among our youth. Ybarra and her team conducted a study of 10-15 year old children and the effects of the different sources of violent media on their real habits. The results showed substantial results of increased violent behavior among the group that was associated with the violent media (Ybarra 933). Results reported that the violent behaviors included shooting or stabbing, aggravated assault, robbery and sexual assault (Ybarra 933). Among the many types of media that was studied such as: music, video games, television and the internet, the type of media that was the most influential was the internet (Ybarra 933). Ybarra goes to show her readers that most of all websites used included killing, fighting and shooting which in correlation contributed to the stimulus of the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s anger level, having delinquent friends, and substance use such as drugs and alcohol (933). The monitoring of what our children view on the internet is crucial towards their health and well being, without monitoring our children are prone to be influenced by immoral and violence behaviors. Reaching Those Who do Not Want to be Reached Another harmful risk that the internet so willfully provides is the dangers of domestic violence and child predators. The internet allows predators and violent domestic partners to access people and children on a wide scale with the click of a mouse. The various social networking sites that the internet provides is practically like a database for people to access whoever they want. Although children and the victims of domestic violence do not want to be reached by predators and violent spouses, it is easy for these terrible people to reach them without their own consent. As I myself say, the internet is Ã¢â¬Å"Stalking made easy. Ã¢â¬ In her article, Ã¢â¬Å"Friend Request or Foe,Ã¢â¬ Laurie L. Baughman persuades her audience of the dangers and risks pertaining to internet stalking, mainly pertaining to domestic violence. Baughman is a senior attorney at the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence, thus giving her the right to speak about the topic. Facebook itself has over 400 million active viewers, and it considered the most popular online social networking sight for adults and children alike (Baughman 933). Baughman also points out that Facebook users in total upload approximately three billion photos every month and the average user spends about 55 minutes a day on the site (934-935). With such astronomical numbers like these, this introduces a whole new type of stalking based violence that was once again introduced by the internet. To start, pertaining to the issue of domestic violence, which is the major topic that Baughman discusses in her essay. She feels that it is an extremely dangerous asset that the internet has brought upon society. Baughman asserts in her essay Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦Internet users who are victims of domestic violence may be vulnerable to further abuse or may experience harassment or stalking through these social networking mediumsÃ¢â¬ (935). This quote offers a brief summary of the topic that Baughman is most concerned about in her essay, which will be addressed below. Domestic violence is defined as abusive behavior in a relationship to gain or maintain power, all of which can be done by actions or threats (Baughman 936). To show how much of a problem domestic violence has become; Baughman uses the quote Ã¢â¬Å"An estimated 1. million women are victims of physical assault each yearÃ¢â¬ (936). With the amount of people attached to the internet today, many domestic assaults root from internet stalking. These social networking website were people post pictures and information about themselves has become a source of vulnerability of victims of domestic violence (Baughman 940). For example, many of us post pictures and personal information on Facebook, but what many do not know is that there can be bad people that we do not want seeing this information looking at it as well. Many of you may be familiar with the quote from Spiderman Ã¢â¬Å"With great power comes great responsibility,Ã¢â¬ this is much like the quote from BaughmanÃ¢â¬â¢s essay when she states Ã¢â¬Å"Using technology is like a super power: you can use it for bad and you can use it for goodÃ¢â¬ (940). This quote from BaughmanÃ¢â¬â¢s piece stresses her concern of how much power comes from the internet and how people can use this power by means of harming other people. With this power that the internet has given to anybody who uses it, comes people who use it by means of stalking. The term cyber-stalking came directly from the invention of the internet and it is defined as behavior that constitutes Ã¢â¬Å"computerÃ¢â¬ based harassment (Baughman 940-941). Such stalkers do things such as: monitoring other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s email, sending email threats or insults, disrupting email communication, using others email identity and using the internet to get personal information (Baughman 941). Although many may see all of these as an invasion of privacy, with the power the internet has given us, most of them are very simple to do and done quite often. In her essay Baughman shows her readers how cyber-stalking often leads to physical staking (941). With the small amount of difficulty that cyber-stalking is, often an abusive partner uses it to maintain power and control over their victim (Baughman 941). All of the above ways discussed, pertaining cyber-stalking can allow an abuser to access their victim through the internet, even if the victim has set up an internet protection, which will be discussed in the next topic (Baughman 941). Baughman uses an example of such harassment through emails in her essay; she tells us a story of how an abusive husband sent 1,500 pages of threatening emails to his ex-wife even when she had a restraining order placed on him (944). To sum up BaughmanÃ¢â¬â¢s essay, due to social networking sights allowing individuals to freely post photos, comments, and other personal information, the internet acts as a personal information super-highway that is easily reached by abusers (965). A simple search of a persons name can bring up very personal information that abusers can easily access (Baughman 965). In sum, social networking sights and the internet are tools for communication, blogging, picture sharing and now vengeance by abusers. Roam at your own risk (Baughman 953). Nobody, including domestic partner are safe when on the internet. The next point of discussion relating to how abusers can access people who do not want to be reached is the issue of child predators on the internet. The author L. Alvin Malesky, Jr. , PhD in the Department of Psychology writes his essay Ã¢â¬Å"Predatory Online Behavior: Modus Operandi of Convicted Sex Offender in Identifying Potential Victims and Contacting Minors Over the Internet,Ã¢â¬ in correlation to this topic. Most sex offenders know their victims before even meeting it them, they become acquainted through the internet (Malesky 24). As discussed previously in BaughmanÃ¢â¬â¢s essay, this task of becoming acquainted with anyone you want is relatively easy with the amount of social networking websites today. Predators tend to disguise themselves as another teenager and lie about their identity, the internet provides them with ideal cover that can fool even the smartest of children (Malesky 24). In his essay Malesky affirms Ã¢â¬Å"Chat rooms were the most frequently used component of the Internet to identify and contact potential victimsÃ¢â¬ (26). When a child that talks about sex in anyway on the internet, it is found appealing by pedophiles and is often the reason why pedophiles go after a specific child (Malesky 27). This warning given by Malesky shows her readers how every little thing you say, post or do on the internet can be viewed by these disturbing people and can possibly make you their next target. These sex offenders patrol the virtual world in hopes to find a victim and eventually meet with them in person. People are free to surf the web, the type of people that lean towards an attraction to children are also free to do as they please. The internet give minors vulnerability to people who wish to do them harms (Malesky 30). In conclusion to his topic Malesky tells warns his readers that children should not post anything sexual on the internet or talk to people you do not know, you never know who may be looking or listening (Malesky 30)! Children are put in harms way while online, thus in sum urging how unsafe the internet really is. Cyber-Crime Lastly, the internet itself has brought forth a new type of crime everywhere in the world. The term cyber-crime refers to crime that takes place from a computer through the internet. These cyber-criminals can steal your identity, take your personal information and even give your computer a virus without ever leaving their computer desk. The root cause of this new crime is directly due to the invention of the internet. As was previously stated, the internet is a tool that requires responsibility. Criminals take no such responsibility when performing illegal cyber-crime related acts. Nobody is safe when they are on the internet with the growing amount of yber-criminals today. Kit Burden discusses the issue of the increasing problem of cyber-criminals in her essay, Ã¢â¬Å"Internet crime; Cyber Crime Ã¢â¬â A new breed of criminal? Ã¢â¬ which was published in Ã¢â¬Å"Science DirectÃ¢â¬ (College Edition). Burden starts out her essay by showing her readers that 43% of Americans recognize cyber-crime as a problem (2). These types of crime have been introduced to the world thanks to the invention of the World Wide Web. The first example of a cyber criminal I would like to point out is the increasingly more and more common hacker. Hackers use technology to gain unauthorized access to private computer systems, which is mostly for the purpose of retrieving confidential information such as credit card number and internet passwords (Burden 3). If the hacker has used a computer for functions with intent of retrieving other peoples information and date, this is considered illegal based off the Computer Misuse Act in 1990 (Burden 4). A hacker can obtain the most confidential of information on your computer, for example they can take your credit card information and use it as their own. Hackers may also go onto company website and alter what their information reads for terms such as of political leads and malicious intent such as cyber terrorism (Burden 4). Secondly, with the increasing threat of hackers, there is also an increasing threat of credit card fraud. These two go hand in hand with each other because hackers much of the time aim to receive others credit card information illegally by hacking. Burden points out that there is an estimated four billion dollars lost to credit card fraud each year and fifty percent of that money lost comes from online credit card fraud/hacking (9). Burden also points out how vastly internet related commerce is growing, therefore so will the amount of money lost to credit card fraud due to the increasing dangers posed by hackers (9). Along with credit card information, we must not forget that hackers can steal information such as accounts that you have set up online, which can hold your payment information and use them as well, the same goes for your email account. Lastly, on top of all that hackers can install malicious software onto your personal computer without you knowing. Viruses are embedded within files which you may think to be real; however they can be completely the opposite and trick you into downloading a virus. Most of the time, if one clicks on the virus itself it will download without you even noticing. Viruses can do whatever the maker of the virus wants them too. Viruses such as a key logger are planted on a computer and it will show the hacker who made the viruses every key you input into the computer. For example, if you type in your credit card information, the hacker will now be able to view it. The famous Ã¢â¬ËLove BugÃ¢â¬â¢ virus was released two years ago and single handedly completely shut down and paralyzed over 100 million computers (Burden 5). Because viruses can be spread to many users at a very fast pace and often can not be erased, they are looked down upon by the government and are taken extreme legal action against (Burden 6). Conclusion In conclusion, one has learned a great amount about the internet and the harm that it can bring. The internet puts a great amount of power into the hands of anyone who decides to use it, a power that should not be tampered with and often is by its abusers. Many reasons validate the inquisition that the internet is not a resource for the greater good but it is a tool that can and frequently is used for promoting violence and bad habits, allowing abusers to reach people that do not want to be reached and lastly, it opens many of us up to identity theft and malware viruses. We must all think twice about using the internet and if we do hopefully now we will take extra precautions especially when giving the power to roam the web to our children. The internet is an extremely dangerous place and we must not forget, nobody is safe when they are on the internet! How to cite Dangers of the Internet, Essay examples
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
The Yellow Wallpaper: Feminist Viewpoint Essay The Yellow Wallpaper is a much acclaimed nineteenth century short story authored by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. It first appeared in The New England Magazine in 1892. Upon its publication it proved controversial and provocative due to its bold portrayal of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s sexuality and psychology. The story is also unique, for it adopts the epistolary style, which is a device uncommonly used in short fiction. The letters/journal entries record the experiences of a woman who is confined by her husband to the bedroom upstairs. She is ordered not to work or exert herself in any which way, so that her recovery from Ã¢â¬Ëtemporary nervous depression Ã¢â¬â a slight hysterical tendencyÃ¢â¬â¢ will be quick and effective. In what amounts to a house-arrest by her husband, the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s condition steadily descends toward psychosis due to lack of variety and distraction in the bed-room existence. For example, Ã¢â¬Å"the character becomes increasingly perplexed by the garish color and the intricate patterns of the wallpaper all around her. She begins to see distorted shapes, eventually identifying a woman trapped behind the paper fighting to get out. The story ends with the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s husband discovering his wife maniacally circling the bedroom, surrounded by the tattered shreds of paper she has torn from the walls. He faints at the sight.Ã¢â¬ (USA Today, 2010, p.4) The rest of the essay will present the feminist interpretation of this important piece of American womenÃ¢â¬â¢s literature. During the feminist movement of early twentieth century, many feminist scholars were up in arms against the gross injustice depicted in the story. The inequalities prevalent in patriarchal American society of late nineteenth century is pointed at and criticized. The insensitivity and high-handedness of healthcare professionals, especially psychiatrists, is also highlighted. Since Gilman drew the material for the story from her own experiences in getting cured of depression, her interaction with the famous nervous diseases specialist Dr. Silas Weir Mitchell is relevant for the discussion. As one of the many physicians who debated Ã¢â¬Ëthe woman questionÃ¢â¬â¢, he Ã¢â¬Å"defended the notion of significant differences between the sexes and argued that an epidemic of neurasthenia, or nervous exhaustion, was rife among women who attempted to exceed their natural limits. He recommended a Ã¢â¬Å"rest cureÃ¢â¬ in which the patient was not allowed to read, write, feed herself, or talk to othersÃ¢â¬âor, as Charlotte described it: Ã¢â¬Å"Live as domestic a life as possible Ã¢â¬ ¦ and never touch pen, brush, or pencil as long as you live.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ (USA Today, 2010, p.4) We will write a custom essay sample on The Yellow Wallpaper: Feminist Viewpoint specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Yellow Wallpaper: Feminist Viewpoint specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Yellow Wallpaper: Feminist Viewpoint specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The feminist grievance with respect to the prognosis of the condition lies in the fact that the depressed woman saw recuperation in totally different terms. For example, instead of spending time within the bounds of four walls, she felt an active social life would lift her out of the mental morose. This Charlotte Gilman masterpiece challenges traditional notions about gender that excluded them from mainstream political and intellectual life. It also questions how medical and scientific experts drew on notions of female weakness to justify inequality between the sexes. In GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s own life, she was discouraged from pursuing a career to preserve her health. Hence the authorial voice is both autobiographical as well as generally representative of women of the era. (Delashmit Long, 1991, p.32) Gilman lived at a time when society was getting torn by two contradictory ideologies Ã¢â¬â True Womanhood and WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Rights. Through her works (including The Yellow Wallpaper) she firmly sied with the cause of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights. She Ã¢â¬Å"stood for the potentialities of American womanhood and struggled to free herself from true to free woman. As a woman and as an author, she perceptively analyzed the most basic conditions under which -women live out their lives and developed her seminal ideas: the crucial necessity for women to have careers outside the home; the ironclad oppression of patriarchal culture; the stultifying effects of the nineteenth century doctrine of the Ã¢â¬Å"womanÃ¢â¬â¢s sphereÃ¢â¬ ; the impossible Ã¢â¬Å"double-bindÃ¢â¬ experience of the woman artist, and the depression and emotional breakdown which often result. Most obviously, Gilman replaces the Ã¢â¬Å"pure woman,Ã¢â¬ the Victorian angel in the house, with the New Woman who rejects Ã¢â¬Å"the biological yoke of femininityÃ¢â¬ and claims the rights, privileges, and responsibilities of a human being.Ã¢â¬ (Quawas, 2006, p.35) The most radical perspective of The Yellow Wallpaper lies in the interpretation of the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s deteriorating mental condition as a method of preserving sanity. In other words, her newfound health and well being springs forth from a rejection of and escape from an insane society. In this respect, GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s main contribution to feminism lies in Ã¢â¬Å"her de-authorizing and de-privileging of the ideologically-saturated discourse of insanity. In her discussion of insanity, she confronts and critiques, either explicitly or implicitly, the patriarchal version of insanity and dis-empowers its authority. She condemns social systems, both political and private, which contribute to womenÃ¢â¬â¢s psychological fragmentation, alienation, and madness.Ã¢â¬ (Quawas, 2006, p.35) In conclusion, The Yellow Wallpaper is a key text in modern feminist discourse, although the social context in which it was written no longer fully exists. Reading the story can develop the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s understanding of the Ã¢â¬Ëwoman questionÃ¢â¬â¢ in the nineteenth century and advance or extend their historical sense. The changes advocated by Gilman through her work go beyond mere adjustment of power relation. She envisions sweeping change, whereby societyÃ¢â¬â¢s very conception of what it means to be a man or a woman would undergo alteration. To the extent that this transformation is a progressive one, The Yellow Wallpaper will remain a masterpiece of feminist literature. Works Cited: Ã¢â¬Å"Bed Rest WouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t Do for Pioneering Feminist.Ã¢â¬ USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education) Feb. 2010: 4+. Delashmit, Margaret, and Charles Long. Ã¢â¬Å"GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s the Yellow Wallpaper.Ã¢â¬ Explicator 50.1 (1991): 32-33. Quawas, Rula. Ã¢â¬Å"A New WomanÃ¢â¬â¢s Journey into Insanity: Descent and Return in the Yellow Wallpaper.Ã¢â¬ AUMLA : Journal of the Australasian Universities Modern Language Association (2006): 35+.